Author Archives: Dyah

Belajar Listening 13

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Man: Current studies that what goes on labels is an important consideration for manufacturers, since more than seventy percent of shopper read food labels when considering whether to buy a product.
A recent controversy as to whether labels on prepared foods should educate or merely inform the consumer is over, and a consumer group got its way. The group had maintained that product labels should do more than simply list how many grams of nutrients a food contains. Their contention was that labels should also list the percentage of a day’s total nutrients that the product will supply to the consumer, because this information is essential in planning a healthy diet.
A government agency disagree strongly, favoring a label that merely inform the consumer, in other words, a label that only lists the contents of the product. The agency maintained that consumers could decide for themselves if the food is nutritious and is meeting their daily needs.
The consumer group, in supporting its case, had cited a survey in which shoppers were shown a food label, and were then asked if they would need more or less of a certain nutrient after eating a serving of this product. The shoppers weren’t able to answer the question easily when they were not given a specific percentage.
This study, and any other helped get the new regulation passed, and now food product must have the more detailed labels.
39. What was the controversy about?
40. Why does the speaker mention that more than seventy percent of people read food labels?
41. What did the consumer group propose?
42. What did the survey of food shoppers reveal?
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Woman: Good afternoon. I’m here today to talk to you about a career with our airline. We’re especially interested in recruiting people to fill openings for flight attendants.
First of all, to work as a flight attendant with us, you must be accepted into our training program and with so many people applying, it’s not easy to be selected. From the thousands of applications that we received annually, we choose fewer than a thousand people for training. So, we require experience serving the public and it also helps if you’ve earned some college credits.
Also, not everybody who gets accepted into the training program makes it through. The course meets six days a week for five weeks. The training includes extensive classroom work in such subjects as first aid and passenger psychology as well as practical training in flight procedures and meal service. A lot of your graduates say that our flight attendants develop skills of a nurse, a headwaiter, and a public relations executive!
But as a flight attendant myself, I can say that all of the hard work is worth it. Of course, I get to travel throughout the country, and the airline pays all of my expenses while I’m away from my base station and what I like best of all is that I’ve made friends with people from all over the country!
43. What is the purpose of the talk?
44. According to the speaker, what are applicants to the training program required to have?
45. What subject matter does the speaker mention is included in the training?
46. Why does the speaker mention headwaiters?
47. What does the speaker like most about her job?
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Woman: Today I want to talk about the Earth’s last major climatic shift, at the end of the last ice ages.
But first, let’s back up a moment and review what we know about climatic change in general. First, we defined “climate” as consistent pattern of weather over significant period of time.
In general changes in climate occur when the energy balance of the earth is disturbed. Solar energy enters the Earth’s atmosphere as light and is radiated by the Earth’s surface as heat. Land, water, and ice each affect this energy exchange differently. The system is so complex that, to date, our best computer models are only crude approximation and are not sophisticated enough to test hypotheses about the causes of climatic change.
Of course that doesn’t keep us from speculating. For instance, volcanic activity is one mechanism that might affect climatic change.
When large volcanoes erupt, they disperse tons of particles into the upper atmosphere, where the particles then reflect light. Since less light is entering the system of energy exchange, the result would be a cooling of the Earth’s surface.
Of course, this is just one possible mechanism of global climate change. In all probability, a complete explanation would involve several different mechanism operating at the same time.
48. How does the speaker begin her discussion?
49. What does teh speaker mean by the phrase “the energy balance of the Earth”?
50. Why do meteorologists have difficulty testing hypothesis about climatic changes?

Belajar Listening 12

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Woman: Let’s go into the penguin house.
Man: Great! I read that they’ve added a couple of emperor penguins from Antarctica.
Woman: I was hoping to stay in the warmer section. You know, they have some penguins here from Galapagos islands and that’s practically on the equator.
Man: But the emperor penguin’s huge! It’s a lot bigger than the Galapagos penguin in fact, it’s bigger than all the other penguins almost four feet high.
Woman: Imagine a bird that size flying through the air.
Man: Penguins don’t actually fly.
Woman: I know that. They just short of waddle.
Man: They swim, too. Even though they’re feathered, their wings are more flipper, they work like paddles in the water.
Woman: I thought they were land animals.
Man: They lay their eggs on land. They make their nests in these enormous colonies called rookies. See, the emperor penguin has this interesting nesting habit. The female bird leaves the ocean at the beginning of autumn. She lays an egg on the ice and then immediately returns to the water.
Woman: What happen to the egg?
Man: The male rolls it onto his feet and then covers it with the lower part of his belly.
Woman: Then what?
Man: For two whole months, during the worst part of the winter, he huddles together with other male penguins to keep the eggs warm.
Woman: SO the female brings him food?
Man: No. See, the penguin can fast for up to four months. The female comes back after the chick hatches. When she does, the male goes out to the sea to get food for himself and chick.
31. Why does the man want to visit the penguin house?
32. What is unique about the emperor penguin?
33. What does the man say about the wings of the penguin?
34. What does the male emperor penguin do after the female lays an egg?
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Woman: Mark really needs to see this article in Psychology Weekly.
Man: Why? What’s it on?
Woman: Reasons for negative behavior patterns like procrastination, habitual lateness.
Man: You’re right. That’s Mark. He’s never on time. So what does it say?
Woman: That people who are always late often do it for a reason either conscious or unconscious. It could be an expression of anger and resentment or a way of resisting authority. It could even be anxiety.
Man: Well, I don’t know. In Mark’s case, I think it’s because he wants to be noticed.
Woman: That’s the next reason in this article, the need for attention. They give the example of movie stars who used make these grad entrances.
Man: That’s not really Mark’s style though, he’s so quite.
Woman: What gets me is that he’s late for his friends all the time but not for other things, like work.
Man: Well, but they might deduct pay for that.
Woman: Exactly. You know, sometimes I’m attempted to tell him to come at, say, seven, and everybody else at 7:15. Then maybe we wouldn’t have to wait so long.
Man: We have to try something. You know, he confessed to me one day that he was even late for his sister’s wedding. She was really angry.
Woman: I remember that. He was in the wedding so they couldn’t start until he got there.
Man: Maybe you should slip that magazine under his door anonymously and hope he gets the message.
35. What is the main subject of the magazine article?
36. What do Mark’s friends thinks is the reason for his problem?
37. What do the speakers say about Mark’s recent behavior?
38. What solution does the woman consider?

Belajar Listening 11

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Man: I’ve got to do well on this research paper to pass history.
Woman: So I guess you’ll be spending the weekend in the library.
Narrator: What does the woman imply?
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Man: I have band rehearsal tonight. I guess we won’t be able to go to the movies.
Woman: Another rehearsal! Am I ever sick and tired of your rehearsals!
Narrator: What does the woman imply?
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Woman: The gym looks pretty crowded. Are there always this many people here?
Man: It changes according to the time of day.
Narrator: What does the man mean?
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Man: Gloria is really pleased with her promotion.
Woman: She certainly deserves it after all these years.
Narrator: What does the woman mean?
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Man: The people in this course seem really enthusiastic about it.
Woman: Most of them do, at any rate.
Narrator: What does the woman imply about the course?
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Woman: Mike sure was surprised that he had a hard time assembling his new bike.
Man: Well, that’s to be expected with no instruction manual.
Narrator: What does the man imply?
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Woman: Have you ever used a camera like this before?
Man: I used to have one very similar to it.
Narrator: What does the man imply?
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Man: We got a thank-you note from Nancy today. She said she’s already worn the scarf we sent.
Woman: That’s great. I wasn’t sure if she’d wear red.
Narrator: What does the woman been concerned about?
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Woman: This is the car you bought? I’ve never seen an old jalopy!
Man: It may not like much, but it gets me where I’m going
Narrator: What does the man mean?
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Man: I see you got a new book bag. You’re not using that old ripped one any more.
Woman: On top of that, I had to buy a new statistics book cause my old one feel out of the ripped book bag.
Narrator: What can be inferred about the woman?

Belajar Listening 10

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Woman: Do you have change for a fifty-dollar bill?
Man: A fifty-dollar bill! I hardly have fifty cents!
Narrator: What does the man mean?
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Woman: I think you’ve been working too hard. You should take a vacation.
Man: Tell that to this stack of papers on my desk!
Narrator: What can be inferred about the man?
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Man: Julia asked me to pick up the guest speaker, Bob Russell, at the airport this afternoon. Do you know what he looks like?
Woma: He stands out. He’s really tall and always wears a bow tie.
Narrator: What can be inferred about the guest speaker?
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Woman: Whoops! I got coffee all over your shirt. I’m so sorry.
Man: Don’t worry about it. That’s what dry cleaners are for.
Narrator: What does the man imply?
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Woman: Hey, Bill, how’s it going with the new house? Are you all settled in yet?
man: Far from it. There are boxes everywhere. I can’t wait for everything to get back to normal.
Narrator: What does the man imply?
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Man: To major in astrophysics you need to take two semester of physics and math as a freshman.
Woman: O.K., and I see the college bulletin suggests waiting until my second year to take astronomy.
Narrator: What can be inferred about the woman?
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Man: Dennis would like us to go bowling with him this weekend.
Woman: I’d love to but not until I get this project out of the way and that could take weeks!
Narrator: What does the woman mean?
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Woman: Will you need a ride to work while your car’s being repaired?
Man: Actually, I thought I’d ask Eric. he lives closer to me.
Narrator: What does the man mean?
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Woman: Look at this traffic. By the time we get to the museum, we’ll only have an hour to look around before it closes.
Man: You may be right, but since we can’t do anything about it, we may as well try to relax.
Narrator: What does the man mean?
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Man: Hey, Judy, will you let me know when ten minutes have passed? I’m putting the spaghetti in now.
Woman: Sure. There’s nothing worse that soggy, overcooked spaghetti.
Narrator: What does the woman mean?

Belajar Listening 9

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Woman: How often do the buses run?
Man: Every half hour on weekdays, but I’m not sure about weekends. There’s a schedule on the corner by the bus stop.
Narrator: What does the man imply?
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Man: It’s really nice of you to visit me when I’m so miserable with the flu. I’m sure I’d like fell much better if I just had some my mom’s homemade chicken soup.
Woman: That will be hard to come by, but a cup of hot tea might help.
Narrator: What will the woman probably do next?
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Man: I still have some things to pack before we leave.
Woman: We’re supposed to be at the airport in half an hour, so you’d better get a move on.
Narrator: What does the woman mean?
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Man: Maybe one night next week we could get together for dinner? How about Monday?
Woman: I have two classes on Monday and Wednesday, one class on Thursday, and I work Monday to Friday. Maybe next month during vacation.
Narrator: What does the woman mean?
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Woman: Did you bring home the seeds for the vegetable garden?
Man: The nursery was closed when I got there.
Narrator: What did the man do?
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Woman: We’re offering quite a few programs this fall, feel free to call any time and talk to the nurse.
Man: Maybe I’ll do that. There are some things I’d like to know about the weight reduction program you’re offering.
Narrator: What does the man imply?
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Woman: Excuse me. An egg fell out of the carton and broke on the floor.
Man: Thanks for telling me. I’ll take care of it before someone slips on it.
Narrator: What is the man going to do?
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Man: I tell you, I’m not sure how much longer I can keep waking up for these early morning classes.
Woman: Well, you’ve never been an early riser. Maybe you should remember that when you choose your classes for next semester.
Narrator: What does the woman suggest the man do?
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Woman: You’re the manager? Look, the strap on this suitcase broke the firs time I used it. I’d like to get my money back, or at least store credit.
Man: I’ve sold hundred of these suitcases, and this is the first time anything’s happened, Why don’t you try another?
Narrator: What does the man want to do for the woman?
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Man: You know I’m on your side, Alice, and even I think you’re overreacting.
Woman: Well, that’s your opinion, isn’t it?
Narrator: What does the woman mean?

BELAJAR LISTENING 8

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Woman: In our lab today, we’ll be testing the hypothesis that babies can count as early as five months of age. The six babies here are all less than six months old. You’ll be watching them on closed-circuit TV and measuring their responses.

The experiment is based on the well-established observation that babies stare longer if they don’t see what they expect to see. First, we’re going to let two dolls move slowly in front of the babies. The babies will see the two dolls disappear behind a screen. Your job is to record, in seconds, how long the babies stare at the dolls when the screen is removed.

In the next stage, two dolls will again move in front of the babies and disappear. But then a third doll will follow. When the screen is removed, the babies will only see two dolls. If we’re right, the babies will now stare longer because they expect three dolls but only see two.

It seems remarkable to think that such young children can count. My own research has convinced me that they have this ability from birth. But whether they do or not, perhaps we should raise another question – should we take advantage of this ability by teaching children mathematics at such a young age? They have great untapped potential, but is it good for parents to pressure young children?
39. Narrator: What is the experiment designed to demonstrate?
40. Narrator: Which of the babies’ reactions would be significant for the purposes of the experiment?
41. Narrator: How does the professor explain the babies’ behavior?
42. Narrator: What implication of her research is the professor concerned about?

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Man: I’m glad you brought up the question of our investigations into the makeup of Earth’s interior. In fact – since this is the topic of your reading assignment for next time – let me spend these last few minutes of class talking about it. There were several important discoveries that helped geologists develop a more accurate picture of Earth’s interior.

The first key discovery had to do with seismic waves – remember they are the vibrations caused by earthquakes. Well, scientists found that they traveled thousands of miles through Earth’s interior. This finding enabled geologists to study the inner parts of the Earth. You see, these studies revealed that these vibrations were of two types: compression – or P – waves and shear or S waves. And researchers found that P waves travel through both liquids and solids, while S waves travel only through solid matter.

In 1906 a British geologist discovered that P waves slowed down at a certain depth but kept traveling deeper. On the other hand, S waves either disappeared or were reflected back, so he concluded that the depth marked the boundary between a solid mantle and a liquid core. Three years later another boundary was discovered – that between the mantle and Earth’s crust.

There’s still a lot to be learned about Earth. For instance, geologists know that the core is hot. Evidence of this is the molten lava that flows out of volcanoes. But we’re still not sure what the source of the heat is.
43. Narrator: What is the purpose of the talk?
44. Narrator: What important discovery about seismic waves does the instructor mention?
45. Narrator: What did the study of seismic vibrations help geologists learn more about?
46. Narrator: What did P and S waves help scientists discover about the layers of Earth?

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Woman: You may remember that a few weeks ago we discussed the question of what photography is. Is it art, or is it a method of reproducing images? Do photographs belong in museums or just in our homes? Today I want to talk about a person who tried to make his professional life an answer to such questions.

Alfred Stieglitz went from the United States to Germany to study engineering. While he was there, he became interested in photography and began to experiment with his camera. He took pictures under conditions that most photographers considered too difficult – he took them at night, in the rain, and of people and objects reflected in windows. When he returned to the United States, he continued these revolutionary efforts. Stieglitz was the first person to photograph skyscrapers, clouds, and views from an airplane.

What Stieglitz was trying to do in these photographs was what he tried to do throughout his life: make photography an art. He felt that photography could be just as good a form of self-expression as painting or drawing. For Stieglitz, his camera was his brush. While many photographers of the late 1800s and early 1900s thought of their work as a reproduction of identical images, Stieglitz saw his as a creative art form. He understood the power of the camera to capture the moment. In fact, he never retouched his prints or made copies of them. If he were in this classroom today, I’m sure he’d say, “Well, painters don’t normally make extra copies of their paintings, do they?”

47. Narrator: What is the professor mainly discussing?
48. Narrator: What question had the professor raised in a previous class?
49. Narrator: What does the professor imply about the photographs Stieglitz took at night?
50. Narrator: Why did Stieglitz choose to not make copies of the photographs?

BELAJAR LISTENING 7

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Man: Hey, Jane! What’s so interesting?
Woman: What? Oh hi, Tom. I’m reading this fascinating article on the societies of the Ice Age during the Pleistocene period.
Man: The Ice Age? There weren’t any societies then – there were just small groups of people living in caves, right?
Woman: That’s what people used to think. But a new exhibit at the American Museum of Natural History shows that Ice Age people were surprisingly advanced.
Man: oh, really? In what ways?
Woman: Well, Ice Age people were the inventors of language, art, and music as we know it. And they didn’t live in caves; they built their own shelters.
Man: What did they use to build them? The cold weather would have killed off most of the trees, so they couldn’t have used wood.
Woman: In some of the warmer climates they did build houses of wood. In other places they used animal bones and skins or lived in natural stone shelters.
Man: How did they stay warm? Animal-skin walls don’t sound very sturdy.
Woman: Well, it says here that in the early Ice Age they often faced their homes toward the south to take advantage of the sun – a primitive sort of solar heating.
Man: Hey, that’s pretty smart.
Woman: Then people in the late Ice Age even insulated their homes by putting heated cobblestones on the floor.
Man: I guess I spoke too soon. Can I read that magazine article after you’re done? I think I’m gonna try to impress my anthropology teacher with my amazing knowledge of Ice Age civilization.
Woman: What a show-off!
31. Narrator: What did the man think about people of the ice Age?
32. Narrator: What does the woman say about the use of wood during the Ice Age?
33. Narrator: How did people in the early Ice Age keep warm?
34. Narrator: What does the man want the woman to do?
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Man: I really appreciate your filling me in on yesterday’s lecture.
Woman: No problem, I thought you might want to go over it together. And, anyway, it helps me review. Hope you’re feeling better now.
Man: I am. Thanks. So, you said she talked about squid? Sounds a little strange.
Woman: Well, actually, it was about the evolution of sea life – a continuation from last week. The octopus and the squid descended from earlier creatures with shells. They survived by shedding their shells – somewhere between 200 and 500 million years ago.
Man: That’s a pretty long span of time.
Woman: I know. That’s what she said, though. To be precise: “Exactly when they emerged is uncertain, and why is still unexplained.”
Man: Some squid are really huge. Can you imagine something that big if it still had a shell?
Woman: Actually, it’s because they lost their shells that they could evolve to a bigger size.
Man: Makes sense. I’ve read about fishermen who caught squid that weighed over a ton. Did she talk about how that happens?
Woman: Not really. But she did mention some unusual cases. In 1933 in New Zealand, they caught a giant squid … let’s see here …. it was 20 meters long. Its eyes were almost 46 centimeters across. Can you imagine?
Man: Reminds me of all those stories of sea monsters.
Woman: Professor Simpson thinks there are probably even larger ones that haven’t been found because squid are intelligent and fast – so they can easily get away from humans. Maybe some of those monster stories are true.
35. Narrator: What topic are the man and woman discussing?
36. Narrator: Why does the man need to talk to the woman about the class?
37. Narrator: According to the woman, what happened 200 to 500 million years ago?
38. Narrator: What does the woman imply about sea monsters?

Belajar Listening 6

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Man: I can’t believe you stayed so calm last weekend when my mom brought my little brother to visit. He practically wrecked the dorm lounge!
Woman: Don’t be so hard on him. He’s only four.
Narrator: What does the woman imply?
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Woman: When’s a good time to get together to discuss our history project?
Man: Other than this Wednesday, one day’s as good as the next.
Narrator: What does the man mean?
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Man: Congratulations! I heard your field hockey team is going to mid-Atlantic championships!
Woman: Yeah! Now we’re all working hard to get ready for our game tomorrow.
Narrator: What will the woman probably do this afternoon?
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Man: On Saturday evenings, I usually meet some friends for dinner at a cafe near campus. Would you like to join us?
Woman: I’m up to my ears in work, so I’ll have to take a rain check.
Narrator: What does the woman mean?
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Woman: If you rub some soap on that drawer, it might stop sticking.
Man: Well, maybe, but if I took out the paper that has fallen down in back, that would help for sure.
Narrator: What is the problem?

Belajar Listening 5

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Woman: Oh, my shirt sleeve. must have gotten caught on the nail.
Man: Here, let me take a look. Hmm, with a needle and thread, this can be mended, and look just like new.
Narrator: What does the man mean?
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Woman: I’m looking for a lightweight jacket.. navy blue.. medium.
Man: Let’s see. have you checked the sales rack in the back? There were still a few there yesterday.
Narrator: What does the man mean?
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Man: I’ve figured it all out. It looks like it’ll take us about six hours to drive from here to Chicago.
Woman: It’d be more relaxing to take the train. But, I guess we should watch our expenses.
Narrator: What does the woman imply?
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Man: I’ve been working out at the gym since January, I’d been wanting to get in better shape.
Woman: You look terrific! Seems like all your hard work has paid off.
Narrator: What does the woman mean?
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Man: This heat is unbearable. If only we’d gone to the beach instead.
Woman: Why, with the museums and restaurants in Washington, I’d be happy here no matter what the weather.
Narrator: What does the woman mean?

Belajar Listening 4

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Man: Yes, hello, this is Robert White calling. Could Dr. Jones see me on Tuesday morning instead of Thursday afternoon?
Woman: Tuesday morning? Let’s see, is that the only other time you could come?
Narrator: What does the woman imply?
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Man: I really need to make some extra money. I’ve practically spent my entire budget for the semester.
Woman: You should check out the new cafeteria. I think there’re a few openings left in the evening.
narrator: What does the woman suggest the man do?
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Man: These long drives always wear me out. Instead of just stopping at a fast-food place, why don’t we take some time out for a nice lunch?
Woman: That’s great idea. It’ll make the trip a bit longer, but at least we’ll be refreshed when we get there.
Narrator: What will the speakers probably do?
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Man: this notice says that all the introductory psychology classes are closed.
Woman: That can be true. There’re supposed to be thirteen sections of it this semester.
Narrator: What does the woman mean?
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Woman: Whoops! Did any of my coffee just spill on you?
Man: Just a little, but it wasn’t really hot.
Narrator: What does the man imply?