1. Because aluminum is lighter and cheaper _____, it is frequently used for high-tension power transmission.
A. as copper
B. than copper
C. for copper
D. more copper

2. It is only recently that ballets have been based on themes _____ American life.
A. reflecting
B. reflects
C. is reflecting
D. reflected

3. Poison oak generates irritating poisons _____ even if people merely brush against the plants.
A. they can affect people
B. that can affect people
C. what can effect people
D. which do they affect

4. _____ ants live in colonies, keep farms, go to war, carry off slaves, and have a society somewhat like human beings.
A. Studies of ant life show that
B. Studies of ant life that
C. That is studied
D. That the studies of ant life

5. Generic medications are just as _____ and much less expensive.
A. effectively brand-name products
B. brand-name products effective
C. brand-name products as effective
D. effective as brand-name products

6. _____ is no way to tell the exact number of heroin addicts in the United States.
A. It
B. There
C. What
D. Each

7. Ernest Hemingway is _____ of modern fiction.
A. one of the molders
B. the molders one
C. who is one of the molders
D. the molders who is the one

8. _____ occasions for congratulations.
A. Birthdays that usually considered
B. Usually considering birthdays
C. Birthdays are usually considered
D. That considered birthdays usually

9. “Forty-niners” _____ to California for gold in 1848.
A. rushed
B. are rushed
C. have rushed
D. rushing

10. In order for people to work together effectively, they need _____ each other’s needs.
A. to be sensitive to
B. is sensitive for
C. sensitivity
D. sensitive

11. It is good form to use the name of the person _____.
A. who are greeting
B. you are greeting
C. which you are greeting
D. greeting for you

12. _____ the promotion of health and to helping people avoid injury and disease.
A. To commit the Red Cross
B. The Red Cross to commit
C. Committed to the Red Cross is
D. The Red Cross is committed to

13. People usually can get a sufficient amount of the calcium their bodies _____ from the food they consume.
A. need
B. needs
C. needing
D. to need

14. It is possible _____ may assist some trees in saving water in the winter.
A. the leaves are lost
B. when leaves have lost
C. that the loss of leaves
D. to lose leaves

15. Hollywood, the heart of America’s motion picture industry, ______ of Los Angeles a century ago.
A. was only a quiet suburb
B. only quiet suburb was
C. quiet suburb only was
D. suburb was quiet only

16. Kitchen appliances called blenders became ______ in the 1930s, when Stephen J. Poplawski developed a machine that excelled at making his favorite drink.
A. establish
B. establishing
C. established
D. which establish

17. Built at the beginning of the century, the Library of Congress houses one of the largest _____ collections of books in the world.
A. and fine
B. and finest
C. or finest
D. yet fine

18. In the preparation of fibrous material for production uses, stiff woody fibers from plants _____ fibers from animal sources.
A. the most heat the
B. need more heat than
C. than more heat needed
D. need the more heat than

19. A partnership is an association of two or more individuals who _____ together to develop a business.
A. worked
B. they work
C. work
D. working

20. Chosen as the nation’s capital at the end of the American Civil War, _____ a city of over a million people.
A. Washington, D.C. is now
B. for Washington, D.C.,
C. to Washington, D.C.,
D. now in Washington, D.C.,

21. Within an area of only 100 miles, Death Valley sinks to 282 feet below sea level, while Mount Whitney _____ to a height of 14,494 feet.
A. soaring
B. soar
C. soared
D. soars

22. The cosmopolitan flavor of San Francisco is enhanced by ______ shops and restaurants.
A. an ethnic
B. its many ethnic
C. its ethnicity
D. ethnicity

23. ______ that increasing numbers of compact-disc players will be bought by consumers in the years to come.
A. They are anticipated
B. In anticipation
C. Anticipating
D. It is anticipated

24. How the Earth is in the shadow of the moon, we see an eclipse of the sun.

25. The children’s television program called Sesame Street was seeing in 84 countries in 1989.